Anatolian Rugs in Transylvanian Churches
Two Ottoman Kilims in Transylvania
A distinctive group of early Ottoman kilims is defined by a structure that differs from the slit-tapestry seen on the more familiar flat-weaves of Asia Minor. These so-called 'court' kilims are woven from S-spun wool, in the dovetailed tapestry technique, which creates toothed outlines, like combs; they also often have wefts that curve to fit the contours of the design. Their designs belong in the Ottoman decorative repertoire, with floral motifs. With a few exceptions, S-spun wool is specific to Egypt, which became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1517.
|The fragment from Rupea exhibited here (exhib no. 38) probably dates from the 17th century, and its design is very similar to a group of contemporaneous knotted pile carpets from Karapinar, a town to the east of Konya. The structure of a second prayer kilim or niche-hanging, attributed to the 18th century or earlier, suggests a west Anatolian origin (exhib no. 39), possibly a specific professional workshop, and only one similar example is known.|
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text and images © Sakip
Sabanci Museum, Istanbul, and textile-art, London, 2007: